Chess originated from the two-player Indian war game, Chatarung, which dates back to 600 A.D. In 1000 A.D, chess spread to Europe by Persian traders. The piece next to the king was called aferz in Persian, defined as a male counselor to the king. The Europeans concocted a more romantic imagery, and changed the ferz to a queen. At that time, the queen was the weakest piece on the board. The bishop was also a short-range piece. Because the queen and bishop were so weak, the game was much slower than it is today. It took a long time for a player to develop the pieces and even longer to checkmate the enemy king. Medieval chessplayers often started out with tabiyas, midgame starting positions to speed up the game. Medieval chess was extremely popular. Sometimes, a game of chess was used an excuse to allow a young man and woman intimate time alone.
In 1972 USCF membership doubled due to interest in Bobby Fischer's rise to the World Championship. Bobby Fischer was born in Chicago in 1943 and raised in Brooklyn. He learned the rules at 6 and became the youngest ever U.S Champion in 1957. He played Boris Spassky for the World Championship in 1972 in Reykjavik, Iceland. It was a theatrical match involving scene changes, last minute no-shows and prima-donna-like requests to change the lighting, the height of the toilets, etc. Spassky added little of the aforementioned drama! It is the most celebrated match in chess history, touted as a Cold War intellectual battle. Fischer won the match 12.5-8.5. Shortly after, Fischer followed in the footsteps of Morphy and dropped out of chess. Bobby Fischer's death on January 17,2008 was a sad day for the United States Chess Federation and chess fans all over the world. FM Mike Klein's award-winning article,Searching for Fischer's Legacy explores the life and legacy of Fischer.
The most important development in chess in the past decade has been Internet chess and computer technology. There are numerous Internet chess venues such as the ICC and yahoo chess in which amateurs and professionals practice their openings, network and compete for cash prizes and rating points. ChessBase software allows any serious player to access a database of over 2 million games. Before the rounds of major tournaments, players frantically search their opponents' games on ChessBase, hoping to determine their opponent's chess style or which openings they favor.
Press coverage of computer peaked in 1997, when the Deep Blue computer developed by IBM defeated Garry Kasparov. Garry lost by the narrowest of margins, 2.5-3.5, and played well below his standard in the critical game. Still, many consider this match to be the death knell of humans' chances when playing against computers. The silicon beats are not permitted to play in most international and U.S. championships.
This is such a great game for your mind ,you can only progress and learn after each match...
Photography by ;Chef Nicholas Anderson for www.culinaryglobetrotter.com